Ukraine History

ROLL Reunion
[ TRANSLATE: | Odessa | Kiev ]

Ukraine People:

1880 1910 Balkan Wallachian peasants of Western Ukraine

Crossack Calvery Warriers.
Excerpt from "The Books of the Genesis of the Ukrainian People" by Mykola Kostomarov, 1846: "Towards an Intellectual History of Ukraine" Ukraine loved neither the tsar nor the Polish lord and established a Cossack Host amongst themselves, i.e., a brotherhood in which each upon entering was the brother of the others -- whether he had before been a master or a slave, provided that he was a Christian; and the Cossacks were equal amongst themselves, and officials were elected at the assembly and they all had to serve according to the Word of Christ, because they accepted the duty as compulsory, as an obligation, and there was no sort of seigniorial majesty and title among the Cossacks."


Odessa on-line map - is Europe's premiere mapping web site.

Odessa stands on a shallow indentation of the Black Sea coast at a point approximately 19 miles north of the Dniester River estuary and about 275 miles south of Kiev. Although a settlement existed on the site in ancient times, the history of the modern city began in the 14th century when the Tatar fortress of Khadzhibey was established there. It later passed to Lithuania-Poland, and in 1764 to Turkey. The fortress was stormed by the Russians in 1789, and ceded to Russia in 1791. A new fortress was built in 1792-93, and in 1794 a naval base and commercial quay were added. In 1795 the new port was named Odessa for the ancient Greek colony of Odessos, the site of which was believed to be in the vicinity. During the 19th century Odessa's growth was rapid, especially after the coming of railways in 1866. Odessa became the third city of Russia and the country's second most important port, after St. Petersburg. Grain was its principal export. The city was one of the chief centers of the Russian Revolution of 1905, and was the scene of the mutiny on the warship Potemkin. Sergey Eisenstein's classic film Potemkin was made there in 1925. Odessa suffered heavy damage in World War II during its prolonged and unsuccessful defense against German and Romanian forces.

Odessa Web Ring

Odessa web page

1916 - Odessa, Yekaterininskaya Street looking out to the Black Sea
1900s - Odessa, Richelievskaya Street - The Opera Theater is in the center


Kiev on-line map - is Europe's premiere mapping web site.

1900s - Kiev - Here is a crowd of Russian girls in native costume, taking milk to the marketplace.

Good WWII book: The Ukrainian Volunteer Division of the Waffen SS by Richard Landwer.This book will attempt to delineate how and why the Ukrainian Division of Waffen SS was formed, what it did on the battlefield and what eventually happened to it. Of course it helped considerably that the enemy of both the German and Ukrainian nations was the Soviet Union and Communism, for this was the real tie that cemented the military collaboration found in the 14th Ukrainian SS Division.

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No matter which way you bend him,
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- Alexander Solzhenitsyn -

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