Ancestral ROLL Family - Currency and Postage of our Forefathers

   ROLL Reunion
[ TRANSLATE: | Historical $ Value | German Money | Russian Money | Argentina Money | American Money | Canadian Money | German Stamps | Russian Stamps | Argentina Stamps | American Stamps | Canadian Stamps ]

Joseph Luft's Philatelic Resources - The most comprehensive listing of all the Postage Stamp resources on the Web.

Numismatic Societies specialize in collecting coins and metal.

Historical Value of the U.S. Dollar

What one dollar was worth in constant 1991 dollars.

1850-1875 $13.14
1875-1900 $14.85
1900-1925 $11.38
1935 $9.91
1945 $7.56
1965 $4.31
1975 $2.35
1985 $1.26

1991 $1.00

Compiled by the Department of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Living Conditions Statistics

A more detailed calculation chart, showing the value of old money going back to 1700, can be found on the University of Oregon site.


Overview of some Germany-related Currency:
A "guilder" in English or "Gulden" in German is 1) the basic monetary unit of the Netherlands, and was 2) the historical gold or silver coin/monetary unit such German states as Württemberg, but also in other regions/states of present day Germany and Austria. In the German Empire it was abolished in 1873 and the marc/mark took over.
The testament will probably say "fl." (= "florin"), which in German is called "Gulden" (see above). It was first struck in Florence, Italy. One fl. had 60 "x" = "Kreutzer" (kreuzers). One "Pfund Heller" (1 pound Heller) was 43 kreuzers. All this is called the Florian Currency, or "Guldenwährung" in German. The Heller coin was first struck in the Imperial City of Hall, today Schwäbisch Hall, in 1208. The family name HELLER may thus be either derive from this coin as a nickname... or the person certainly owned more than just one... or he counted every Heller; the latter being very Swabian... or from the above place name "Hall" in Württemberg... or from the Hall places e.g. in Austria (Hall in Tirol) or Bavaria (Bad Reichenhall). One cannot ascertain which of the two, coin or town, this family name is derived. Any person called HELLER might be "salty", as "Hall" means "salt" or "salty water" (German: sole). There was/is a salt mine in the Hall area.
It is always very difficult to say exactly how much a currency was worth in 1860-70's, but one Württemberg Morgen (compared to an English acre = 31.5 ar - 1 ar = 100 square meters) of arable land was worth between 300 and 600/800 fl., depending on the quality of the soil, the location, etc. The average price for one "Eimer" (this is not a modern "Eimer" which is a "bucket" in the house, but a liquid measure of capacity at the time; 1 eimer = 2.939 hectoliters) of wine was 50/70 fl. The price for an average sized farm house (not to be confused with the large American farm houses) plus barn was about 800 fl. A master bricklayer earned about 250 fl. p.a., which was just the money he needed to feed a family of four, a day laborer earned about 190 fl. p.a., which obviously was not enough for a family of four. Adult travelling expenses to America at the time were about 80 fl. If emigrants were able to take 600 fl. (after traveling expenses, as all were not dirt poor) with them to America, they would have quite a nice sum because land and houses in the States were much cheaper compared to Württemberg prices.

German Coins - Extensive listings of German coins from the Colonies, States, Empire, Weimar, Nazi, East and West Germany, Patterns, Gold Coins, Medals, Paper Currency, Notgeld, etc. One of the largest listings of German coins in the world.

1525 Jockgrim, Pfalz, Germany Town Signet
1753 Jockgrim, Pfalz, Germany Town Signet


Russian Currency: All Russian coins can be divided into several groups according to the time of issue and to their specific pecularities:

Ukrainian Currency: On 2 September 1996, Ukraine introduced the long-awaited hryvnia (plural hryvni) as its national currency, replacing the karbovanets (in circulation since 12 November 1992) at a rate of 100,000 karbovantsi to 1 hryvnia









1793 to 1839 Jockgrim, Pfalz, Germany Board Seal
1840 to 1871 Jockgrim, Pfalz, Germany Board Seal
1872 to 1874 Jockgrim, Pfalz, Germany Board Seal
1875 Jockgrim, Pfalz, Germany Board Seal
1876 to 1885 Jockgrim, Pfalz, Germany Board Seal
1886 to 1925 Jockgrim, Pfalz, Germany Board Seal
After 1925 Jockgrim, Pfalz, Germany Board Seal


The Russian Postage Stamps Catalog - Contains all major postage stamps, blocks and mini-sheets issued in Russian Empire, USSR and Russian Federation within 1857 - 1995. The database contains almost 6000 pictures along with detailed information on each catalog entry.

History of Ukrainian Postage Stamps
The early use of postage stamps on Ukrainian territories goes back to about the 19th. century. Postage stamps began to appear in the areas under Austro-Hungarian rule around 1850; and Russian rule about 1857. In 1864, the Russian government allowed the issuance of zemstvo or local issues. From 1865 to 1917; a total of 790 zemstvo stamps were issued on Ukrainian territorities from 39 different locations.
After Ukraine proclaimed its independence in January 1918; Postal authorities issued an order to overprint all existing Russian stamps with the national emblem - the trident. To comply with the directive, each Postal District ( Kyiv, Poltava, Katernoslav, Kharkiv, Odessa and Podilia ) prepared several overprinting styles. By July 1918; each District had its own distincti size, colour and form of trident-overprint. Over 60 different varieties are known to exist.
On July 18th, 1918; the first definitive stamps were issued. They were the five-values shahy issue. These stamps were issued imperforate and were widely used for postage until 1920.
With the need to replace the trident overprint provisionals and to supplement the five-values shahy issues, a second definitive issue was printed during the Fall of 1918. When the supply of high-valued trident overprint provisionals nearly exhausted, the Ministry of Post released only the 20-hryvnia value to ease the shortage. Because of the high value of the 20-hryvnia stamp, its use was limited to the prepayment of postal money orders.
In June 1923; the Ukrainian SSR government issued a set of four semi-postal stamps. The surcharge on these stamps was intended for famine victims. These stamps were in circulation for less than a month. After seceding from the Austro-Hungarian Empire (November 1st, 1918), the Western Ukrainian National Republic (ZUNR) issued overprinted Austrian stamps. The first stamp ( an octagonal overprint showing the Halychynan lion emblem and the full name of ZUNR ) appeared in Lviv on November 20th, 1918. Subsequent stamps were produced in Kolomyia and a series of four issues was released in Stanyslaviv (Ivano-Frankivsk).
In 1941, Germany overprinted its 18-stamp definitive set with the single-line black overprint "Ukraine" for use in the Reichskommisariat Ukraine. These overprints were in postal circulation until late 1944, when those Ukrainian territories were recaptured by Soviet troops. When Carpath-Ukraine declared its independence from Czechoslovakia (March 15th, 1939), it issued an overprint stamp. However, its independence was short-lived and the territory was administerd by Hungary. By the fall of 1944, the eastern-provinces of Carpatho-Ukraine were administered By Czechoslovakia, and in the areas to the west by the Ukrainian National Committee (UNC). Both jurisdictions issued overprinted Hungarian stamps. The UNC also released a series of definitive issues in 1945.
After the dissolutionment of the USSR in 1991; the newly independent Ukraine started issuing provisional stamps for several stamps in 1992. Ukraine's first commemorative stamps were issued in March 1992.

All of the modern Ukraine's stamp issues (from 1992 onward) may be viewed at Bohdan Hrynyshyn's Ukrainian Electronic Stamp Album








ROLL Reunion

"The German is like a willow.
No matter which way you bend him,
he will always take root again."
- Alexander Solzhenitsyn -

Questions, Comments, Suggestions to WebMaster.   Thank you.  © Copyright 2000 - 2014